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:: Volume 14, Issue 27 (12-2020) ::
3 2020, 14(27): 141-163 Back to browse issues page
A Critique and Analysis of the Scientific Manifestation and Interpretive Presuppositions of the Book “Ta’wil Mushkil al-Quran” by ibn Qutaybah
Mohammad Ali Hekmat, Bakhshali Qanbari 1, Seddiqeh Nasir Oghli Khiabani
Abstract:   (630 Views)
Ibn Qutaybah Dinwari was one of the outstanding Sunni interpreters of the second century AH. His hadith orientation was against the Mu'tazilites, and he was one of the great scholars of his time. He has deeply delved into the rules and figures of speech in the verses of the Quran and has interpreted the modes and allegorical expressions of the Quran in his prodigious book “Ta’wil Mushkil al-Quran”. Regarding ibn Qutaybah's scientific position, it should be noted that he had a rare mastery of the sciences related to interpretation. In spite of this, he has resorted to suspicion in his interpretation, and in some cases, the narrations cited by him are not very reliable. His interpretation has a jurisprudential nature, and in this regard, its popular jurisprudential nature with a Hanafi orientation is more prominent.  Of course, he considers the Quran as the source of explanation of all religious teachings and rules, but this claim is not confirmed from the perspective of the Shiite narration of the Hadith al-Thaqalayn. His interpretive assumptions, including the sanctity and divinity of the text of the Quran, the verbal inviolability of the Quran, the eternity of the call of the Quran, the interpretability of the Quran and the like, are very broad. However, from the viewpoint of Shiite narrations, they have some weaknesses as well. For example, he has sufficed to mention only the narrations, and in dealing with the mofradat, he has only sufficed to make a mere claim. Ibn Qutaybah has not paid attention to some of the authentic narrations from the Ahl al-Bayt either. He has been selective in quoting the narrations and, finally, has mentioned some narrations in spite of their irrationality.
Keywords: ibn Qutaybah, “Tawil Mushkil al-Quran”, interpretation, hadith, figh (Islamic jurisprudence).
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/01/7 | Accepted: 2020/12/30 | Published: 2020/12/30
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Hekmat M A, Qanbari B, Nasir Oghli Khiabani S. A Critique and Analysis of the Scientific Manifestation and Interpretive Presuppositions of the Book “Ta’wil Mushkil al-Quran” by ibn Qutaybah. 3. 2020; 14 (27) :141-163
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Volume 14, Issue 27 (12-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله پژوهش نامه قرآن و حدیث pazhouhesh name-ye quran va hadith
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