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:: Volume 15, Issue 30 (7-2022) ::
3 2022, 15(30): 205-226 Back to browse issues page
The Semantic Difference of the Words "Tawbah" and "ʾInābah" in Ṣaḥīfeh Sajjādīyeh Based on Companionship Relationships
Mehdi Davari Dolatabadi1, Fatemeh Salimi, Zahra Shahverdi
Abstract:   (265 Views)
The two words Tawbah and ʾInābah are key words in the religious system, and according to that, it is the speech of the infallibles (as), which, considering its prominent role in repentance from sin and turning to the divine path, has a high value for meditating on the semantic and its correct application in the existence system. The semantic analysis of these two seemingly synonymous words, based on co-occurring relationships, points to the use of each word in a specific situation and the subtleties of meaning hidden in each of them, which will eliminate the lexical substitution role of this pair of words. The research is based on the descriptive-analytical method after the lexical conceptualization of these two words tries to point out the semantic connection of the words tawbah and ʾinābah with the co-occurring words in the text of Ṣaḥīfeh Sajjādīyeh; and in the meantime, by case analysis of some companionship relationships, it looks into the semantic field of each word and its distinctive subtleties. The result of this research is that the word tawbah in the mentioned text, because of companionship with the words such as "regret", "supplication", "disobedience", "forgiveness" and "pronouns referring to Allah", proposes special concepts such as "repentance", "invocation of Allah and worship", "abandon sin", "forgiveness of sins and happy ending", and "moving towards Allah"; and the word ʾinābah also because of companionship with the words such as "disobedience", "obedience" and "pronouns referring to Allah", has manifested special semantic nuances such as "continuing to voluntarily abandon sin", "sincere servitude" and "moving towards Allah". According to this reading, the primary equipment in these two words is different, just as regret is necessary for tawbah, and abandoning sin is a requirement of ʾinābah, and this, in addition to common meanings, provides distinctive semantic subtleties. It is important that the estimation of meaning based on this linguistic mechanism is considered a methodical model that reduces the unsystematic replacement of words, and speaks of the complete lack of synonymy of words, and provides a correct understanding of the words and the original meaning of the creator of the work.
Keywords: Semantics, Companionship relationships, Co-meaning, Ṣaḥīfeh Sajjādīyeh, Tawbah, ʾInābah.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/07/12 | Accepted: 2022/07/1 | Published: 2022/07/1
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Davari Dolatabadi M, Salimi F, Shahverdi Z. The Semantic Difference of the Words "Tawbah" and "ʾInābah" in Ṣaḥīfeh Sajjādīyeh Based on Companionship Relationships. 3 2022; 15 (30) :205-226
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Volume 15, Issue 30 (7-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله پژوهش نامه قرآن و حدیث pazhouhesh name-ye quran va hadith
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